Basic Workforce Data
UACJ Workforce Data
|Average years of continuous service||17.5||17.4|
|New hires (excluding temporary transfers)||129||187|
|Employee turnover rate||5.5%||4.5%|
- * Figures in parentheses are the average numbers of temporary hires (not included in totals).
- * As of March 31 of each year.
UACJ Group Workforce Data (Consolidated)
|Group employees (consolidated)||8,881||(920)||9,651||(1,116)|
* Figures in parentheses are the average numbers of temporary hires (not included in totals).
Respect for Human Rights
Among its provisions, the UACJ Group’s Code of Conduct calls for respect for human rights, prohibition of harassment, prohibition of the use of child labor and forced labor, and respect for basic labor rights. Understanding of the importance of respecting human rights is emphasized in job-level education, intra-departmental education focusing on the Code of Conduct, and in other settings, as well.
The UACJ Group believes that its competitiveness relies on having diverse human resources. One of the major policies under the human resource development section of the Mid-term Management Plan is to “Practice diversity (respect and utilize individual diversity).” We, therefore, are committed to building and maintaining a system that enables the continuous nurturing of human resources.
Diversity in Employment
The UACJ Group actively maintains a diverse work force to support its business endeavors in new fields and in the global arena. In fiscal 2017, our hiring of new graduates included 21 people (17 men and 4 women) for staff positions, and 41 (41 men) for skilled labor positions. We are also actively hiring people from other countries, and have brought 17 on board since fiscal 2011.
Creating Work Environments Supporting Career Success for Women
At the UACJ Group, we are actively working to increase career opportunities for women. Our objectives under our action plan based on the Act to Advance Women’s Success in Their Working Life include: 1) Making women 40% of the new college graduates we hire into administrative positions and at least 10% of technical positions; and 2) Doubling by fiscal 2020 the number of women in management positions as of March 2016. As our most recent results along these lines, we hired 21 new college graduates, including 4 women, in fiscal 2016. Women accounted for 43% of the administrative positions filled and 7% of technical positions. Regarding the number of women in management positions, there were 87 female managers across the entire UACJ Group as of the end of fiscal 2016 (March 31, 2017). This reflects an increase of 13* from the end of the previous fiscal year. In response to provisions, such as those of Japan’s Law for Measures to Support the Development of the Next Generation, we are striving to create workplaces that allow employees to fulfill both work and child-care responsibilities.
* Includes Group companies that are not consolidated subsidiaries.
Initiatives for Hiring People with Disabilities
UACJ works to achieve the legally mandated workforce percentage for employment of people with disabilities. We do this via UACJ Green-net Corporation, a company recognized as a special subsidiary under Japan’s Act for Promotion of Employment of Persons with Disabilities. The UACJ Green-net Nagoya Office was established in April 2015 to expand work opportunities for people with disabilities and its Anjo Satellite Office was set up in April 2017. As of June 1, 2016, people with disabilities comprised 2.28%* of the Company’s workforce, more than the legally mandated 2.0%.
* Beginning with fiscal 2017, calculation of this rate is based on combined employment data for UACJ, UACJ Foil Corporation (a UACJ subsidiary), and UACJ Green-net Corporation.
Employment Rate for People with Disabilities
* Calculation of employment rates is based on combined employment data for UACJ, UACJ Foil Corporation (a UACJ subsidiary), and UACJ Green-net Corporation.
Personnel Development Initiatives
Approach to Personnel Development
The UACJ Group sees people who understand our management philosophy and company principles, and act accordingly, as the source of its competitiveness. To practice our management philosophy, we believe it is important to develop people who:
- Do not simply accept the status quo but instead continuously pursue improvement and change,
- Have the ability to understand other cultures and can act on a global stage,
- Have the ability to act in UACJ’s best interest, and
- Focus on quality and technology, and have the ability to act with a frontline-first orientation.
In terms of concrete action, we conduct job-level training and seminars, support self-development, and organize improvement activities, based on three basic ideas – employee development based on individual learning, developing subordinates’ abilities on the job, and developing through the organization.
The Human Resources Development Department oversees the development and nurturing of people by filling in gaps to enable personnel development activities to function effectively.
Human Resource Development Program
The UACJ Group’s Human Resources Development Department uses the Human Resources Development Center at the Nagoya Works and external training facilities to conduct job-level training and seminars.
The purpose of job-level training is to have employees sharpen their awareness of their job-level roles, acquire the professional capabilities and knowledge required to fulfill their job responsibilities, and deepen their understanding of the company’s aims and systems.
For staff employees, we conduct a series of training programs over the first three years of employment. For employees in their fourth year after joining the company, and employees up through department manager level, we conduct senior staff, team leader, new manager, and other types of training in a continuous fashion by job level. We also perform training to prepare people for top management positions in the future.
For employees in skilled labor departments, we conduct a series of training programs over the first five years of employment. From their sixth year of service, employees participate in training as required for their job level.
Fiscal 2016 Job-Level Training Participation
The UACJ Group, separate from job-level training, also conducts seminars mainly for the purposes of helping individuals improve their skills or acquire expert knowledge, and imparting knowledge required for particular workplaces.
In fiscal 2016, we held seminars in areas such as improving leadership skills, instructor development, development of on-the-job training leaders, quality control (QC), and naze naze (why why) analysis at principal business sites. To better equip employees for working in a global environment, we conducted a business communication seminar, and to address new needs, we held seminars on the topics of diversity management and self-management for women.
In fiscal 2016, we conducted a total of 28 seminars of 14 types, with participation by 353 employees in all.
* Naze naze (why why) analysis is a problem-solving approach that focuses on ascertaining fundamental causes.
Support for Self-Development
In an effort to meet the needs of individual employees and workplaces, we help employees undertake self-development through avenues such as distance learning, preparation to acquire various types of professional certifications, and language study. We also issue a monthly newsletter that carries information on training activities and other information intended to promote employee interest in self-development.
Education Support for Group
The Human Resources Development Department accepts Group company employees for participation in job-level training and seminars, and provides guidance and other forms of on-site support.
In fiscal 2016, 6 QC seminars were conducted at Group company locations.
Developing Human Resources for Overseas Roles
In fiscal 2014, we introduced a two-year overseas training program in which participants spend the first year in language training and the second in practical training. Through fiscal 2016, a total of four employees were sent to the U.S. Three employees are currently participating in the program for the fiscal 2016-2017 period. We plan to continue with this program as a human resources development tool with a medium- to long-term outlook.
For employees scheduled to be sent on overseas assignments, we identify specific training programs based on each individual’s work history and the demands of the assignment he or she is about to undertake, and then conduct training, which also includes intensive language instruction, on an individual basis.
For employees in general, we provide language training support based on TOEIC scores and conduct business skill seminars to help employees cultivate experience and knowledge.
As part of our efforts to promote education training for employees hired by overseas Group companies, we conducted a logical-thinking seminar for 23 managers at Thai affiliates in fiscal 2016.
Improving Frontline Capabilities (Handing down technical skills）
Efforts to pass on the monozukuri (manufacturing) spirit, experience, and skills veteran employees have developed and acquired over their long careers are critical for maintaining product quality and continuously improving productivity.
In preparation for the coming increase in veteran technicians reaching the mandatory retirement age, the UACJ Group’s Nagoya Works began a program in 2004 to transfer the skills, instinct, and “tricks of the trade” - the professional know-how – of veteran employees to their younger colleagues. In fiscal 2016, a similar initiative was launched at the Fukui Works, adding to others already underway in the maintenance department of the Nagoya Works, the extrusion department of UACJ Extrusion Nagoya Corporation, and the pipe manufacturing department of UACJ Copper Tube Corporation, where efforts are tailored to specific manufacturing circumstances. These activities will be continued with an eye toward implementing them at even more locations.
Improving the Capabilities of Non-Manufacturing Staff (Ji-Kotei Kanketsu initiative)
To improve the quality and efficiency of the work performed by non-manufacturing staff, we are pursuing initiatives based on the concept of “Ji-Kotei Kanketsu”, or JKK.
JKK in non-manufacturing areas is the concept of individual employees thinking of the customer and downstream processes first, not making or passing on bad products (information), taking pride in and responsibility for their own work, not blaming others, improving themselves, and performing defect-free work. This is an approach we learned from Toyota Motor Corporation, and modified to suit our needs.
Our JKK initiative got underway on a trial basis in June 2009 in the Nagoya region. In April 2010, we launched a team within the Human Resources Development Department to advance this initiative and began promoting JKK throughout the Group.
Note: Ji-Kotei Kanketsu (JKK) is a manufacturing approach in which individual employees focus on not making or passing on defective goods (information) to customers and downstream processes, and take pride in and bear responsibility for their work, making improvements to perform their work perfectly, and without blaming others for problems. JKK is based on an approach learned from Toyota Motor Corporation and customized by UACJ for its own purposes.
Rehiring Employees Who Have Reached Mandatory Retirement Age
We are actively rehiring employees who have retired after reaching the mandatory retirement age, and transferring their years of skills, techniques, and know-how to younger employees. As of the end of March 2017, 203 senior employees were back at work.
The UACJ Group has several systems intended to promote a healthy work-life balance by enabling all employees to properly meet work responsibilities and have quality time off to be with their families, study topics of personal interest, enjoy hobbies, or do whatever else they would like.
UACJ Systems for Balancing Work and Family Responsibilities
|Category||System||Description||No. of Employees Using
|Child Care Support||Child-care leave||The employee may take leave for the desired period up to the time the child reaches the age of 1 year and 6 months, or through the end of the first April after the child becomes 1 year old
（Legal requirement: Leave up to the time the child reaches the age of 1 year）
|Reduced working hours||Working hours may be reduced until the child becomes a fourth grade elementary school student.
（Legal requirement: Until the child reaches the age of 3 years）
Same as legal requirement.
|Sick-child leave||Same as legal requirement.Leave may be taken to care for a sick child who is not yet in junior high school.
(Legal requirement: Leave for a child not yet in elementary school)
|Limitation on late-night work||Same as legal requirement.||0|
|Limitation on overtime work||Same as legal requirement.||0|
|Limitation on overtime work Accumulated leave||Leave may be taken for child care or to care for a sick child.||27|
|Baby sitter assistance service||Babysitter services by providers arranged by the Company are available at reduced rates.||0|
|Rehiring of former employees||Rehiring of employees who left to give birth or care for children.||0|
|Nursing Care Support||Nursing care||Up to 365 calendar days may be taken to provide nursing care
(Legal requirement: 93 days)
|Reduced working hours||Ability to reduce working hours for the amount of time needed on each occasion||0|
|Elimination of overtime work||Same as legal requirement||0|
|Nursing care leave||Same as legal requirement||8|
|Limitation on overtime work||Same as legal requirement||0|
|Limitation on late-night work||Same as legal requirement||0|
|Accumulated leave||Leave may be taken to provide nursing care||9|
|Rehiring of former employees||Rehiring of employees who left to provide nursing care.||0|
|Other||Flex-time system||Implemented at UACJ headquarters; branch offices; offices; and the Nagoya, Fukui, Fukaya, and Nikko works; and Research & Development Division||557|
|Nursing care||Leave may be taken to provide nursing care to parents or spouses||6|
|Time off for volunteer activities||Leave be may be taken for social welfare, disaster recovery, community and environmental, and other volunteer activities recognized by the Company.||0|
|Rehiring of former employees||Rehiring of employees who left because a spouse was transferred.||0|
Child-Care Leave System
At UACJ, 100% of the women who took maternity leave in fiscal 2016 used the child-care leave system. As of fiscal 2016, 88% of the women who had taken child-care leave had returned to their jobs, and 100% of these women were still with the Company three years after returning to work. To encourage men to take childcare leave, too, the Company allows expired paid leave to be used for child care. As an additional incentive for men to participate in child care, a system has been established to allow them to take up to five days of leave at their convenience during the first month following the birth of a child.
In fiscal 2016, a total of 20 employees – eight women and 12 men - took child-care leave. Going forward, the Company will continue to take steps to help employees balance work and home responsibilities. In April 2015, the Company established a new system for rehiring former employees who left because of reasons such as the birth of a child, the need to provide child or nursing care, or the transfer of their spouse. And in March 2017, we introduced systems for providing child-care subsidies and enabling employees with child- or nursing-care responsibilities to work at home, and adopted a coreless flextime system.
Child Care Leave Taken
|Fiscal Year||Percents of UACJ Employees Returning to Work Following Child-Care Leave||Percents of UACJ Employees Still on the Job After Three Years|
Appropriate Work Hours
To properly manage work hours and prevent the working of excessive hours, the UACJ Group has implemented a work-time management system to accurately record and verify the times when employees begin and end each day at work. Employees who exceed overtime standards are asked to see an industrial physician.
UACJ has made every Wednesday a no overtime day to reduce overall work hours and promote work productivity and efficiency. And, through steps such as having each employee specify at the beginning of the fiscal year when they will take three consecutive paid days off (5 days every fifth year), we are systematically creating conditions that make it easier to take time off. Our aim in doing this is to achieve greater improvements in work efficiency by encouraging employees to refresh themselves mentally and physically.
Along the same lines, we also decided to participate in the Japanese government’s Premium Friday campaign, which began in February 2017. On the last Friday of every month, therefore, we have employees finish their work by the official end of the workday. Separately, we are also encouraging employees to use paid leave and flextime to finish their work days by 3 PM.
UACJ Overtime Hours
|Fiscal Year||Average Overtime Hours|
Paid Days Off Taken
|Fiscal Year||Yearly Average Paid Days Off Taken|
* Figures for fiscal 2012 and earlier are sums for Furukawa-Sky and Sumitomo Light Metal Industries, which later merged to form UACJ. Figures for fiscal 2013 are totals of the sums for the two UACJ predecessors for the first half (April 1 to September 30, 2013) and UACJ for the second half (October 1, 2013 to March 31, 2014).
Volunteer Leave System
In 2013, the UACJ Group implemented a system under which employees can take up to 50 days a year of expired paid leave to participate in social welfare, disaster recovery, local community, environmental conservation, or other company-approved volunteer activities under the auspices of the national or local governments, or quasi-governmental non-profit organizations.
Occupational Safety and Health
Basic Stance on Occupational Safety and Health
We advance safety and hygiene activities that are joined in by all employees and start from the view that employee safety, hygiene, and health are all top priorities.
More specifically, we comply with laws and ordinances, and our own internal rules, concerning employee safety and hygiene, and have constructed occupational safety and health management systems. Through proper management, we strive to create work environments that are safe, hygienic, and healthy.
Basic Policies on Safety and Health
The UACJ Group, recognizing that the existence of a business enterprise rests on a foundation of employee safety and health and that ensuring employee safety and health is a social responsibility of business enterprises, will respect the following principles as a matter of course.
- We will place employee safety and health before all else in all business activities.
- To eliminate all workplace hazards as a step toward achieving zero workplace accidents, we will take the required organizational measures, allocate the necessary management resources, and, with the participation of all employees, strive to implement safety and health activities on an ongoing basis.
- We will comply with the Industrial Safety and Health Law and other related laws and ordinances, and ensure employee safety and health in accordance with the safety and health provisions established by the Group companies.
- Gaining the cooperation of employees, we will conduct education and training that is necessary and adequate for ensuring safety and health for all employees, and continuously implement safety and health activities, to constantly elevate safety and hygiene standards.
- Sharing information on safety and health activities within the Group, and pursuing mutual enlightenment, we will work to improve understanding of safety and health principles, and raise safety and health awareness, among all employees.
- We will advance the development of comfortable work environments to reduce worker fatigue and stress.
- We will work to develop and implement new safety and health methods and technologies.
Safety and Health Management System
Safety and Hygiene Committee
The UACJ Group has built a safety and health management system in which leadership is exercised by the general safety and health managers at individual business locations. The purpose of the system is to create work environments where workers can be confident that their safety and health are being adequately protected.
Overseeing safety and health is the Safety and Health Committee. Chaired by the Executive Officer in Charge of Safety and Health, the committee, which meets once a year, is composed of members including full-time directors, works managers, and presidents of principal Group companies. At the meeting held in January 2017, a report on fiscal 2016 activities was presented by the Safety & Environment Department and then the committee discussed and approved directions to be taken in safety and health activities for fiscal 2017. President’s Safety Awards for 2016 were presented to those business locations that experienced no accidents during the fiscal year.
[Presentations of President’s Safety Awards (18 business locations）]
Nikko Works; UACJ Fukaya Service Corporation; UACJ Extrusion Nagoya Corporation; Nagoya Works; UACJ Extrusion Czech s.r.o.; UACJ Extrusion (Thailand) Co., Ltd., Prachin Buri Works; UACJ Foil Corporation, Shiga Works; UACJ Foil Service Corporation; UACJ Foundry & Forging Corporation, Narita Works; UACJ Foundry & Forging Corporation, Ena Works; Iwai Metal Central Mexico, S.A. de C.V.; HIGASHI NIHON TANZO CO., LTD.: UACJ Marketing & Processing Corporation; UACJ Copper Tube (Malaysia) Sdn. Bhd.; UACJ Copper Tube (Guangzhou) Corporation; ACE21 Corp., Fukaya Center; ACE21 Corp., Nara Center; UACJ Trading (Kunshan) Metal Products Co., Ltd.; UACJ Green-net Corporation
Safety and Hygiene Managers’ Committee
The Safety and Hygiene Managers’ Committee, with members including representatives of the Safety & Environment Department, and Safety Managers of the works and principal affiliates, meets once every month to discuss safety and work environment inspections and maintenance at each business location. The committee also refines the unified rules and promotes their inculcation across the breadth of the Group.
Going forward, we will continue to act vigorously to ensure that our safety and health management systems are equal to our needs.
Safety Management Initiatives (Occupational Safety and Health Management System）
The Nagoya, Fukui, Fukaya, and Nikko works have adopted and are operating worker safety and health management systems, and are pursuing activities with the goal of achieving zero accidents in the workplace.
Safety and health activity plans are prepared at each works in accordance with the UACJ Group’s safety and health activity aims. Plans are finalized once they are approved by the head of each works, and then discussed and approved by the worker/management joint Safety and Health Committee at each works.
To help ensure that safety and health management is practiced at the highest standards, we have established internal audit and other schemes based on the management system. Through internal audits, we conduct self-assessments of system operations, assuring in the process, that PDCA (Plan-Do-Check-Action) cycles are being used. In addition, to enhance the safety management standards of the entire Group, we hold annual liaison meetings of people in charge of safety and hygiene at Group companies.
To achieve further enhancement going forward, we intend to improve the accuracy of internal audits.
Conditions with Regard to Workplace Accidents
The UACJ Group aims to eliminate workplace accidents, regardless of scale, and the Group is working together to strengthen safety management systems.
Prior to the merger, workplace accidents at the Group came to 49 for fiscal 2011. Since then, they have been trending downward, falling to 22 in fiscal 2016. The rate of accidents requiring time off from work came to 0.66, with an overall frequency rate of 0.88.
- ※The overall frequency rate is a measure of the rate at which workplace accidents occurred during the fiscal year. It is calculated by dividing the total number of worker fatalities and injuries (including cases not requiring time off) resulting from a workplace accident during the fiscal year, by one million hours.
- ※The rate of accidents requiring time off from work is a measure of the frequency of workplace accidents that occurred during the fiscal year and required workers to take time off from work. It is calculated by dividing the total number of workplace accidents that occurred during the measurement period and required time off from work, by one million hours.
Group-Wide Safety Inspections
Safety inspections of the principal workplaces of each business location are performed once a month on a rotating basis.
Safety inspections are performed with the participation of the Safety & Environment Department, people in charge of safety and health at each business location, and the head of the business location being inspected. Their objective is to determine whether work is being performed in line with standards and whether any risks have been overlooked.
For work locations and procedures for which safety inspections have identified problems, improvements are undertaken immediately. Two months afterward, the Safety & Environment Department confirms the status of corrective measures by performing an on-site inspection as a part of follow-up procedures that ensure complete compliance with safety measures.
Toward Intrinsic Safety
The UACJ Group is striving to achieve intrinsic safety in its equipment and facilities. To do this, we are conducting risk assessments by examining work processes from various angles to thoroughly eliminate hazards and harmful factors. Safety measures are taken beginning with the facilities, equipment, and work approaches evaluated as having high risk levels. Residual risks, too, are all addressed with provisional measures.
Based on uniform equipment safety standards the Group introduced in March 2015, zones are being delineated within facilities and thorough safety measures are being implemented for each. Furthermore, when facilities are to be newly introduced or modified, intrinsic safety is achieved by conducting checklist-based safety examinations at the design, operational startup, and other stages.
Safety-First Corporate Culture and Personnel Development
At the UACJ Group, job-level training includes safety and health education, and content aimed at raising safety awareness. Furthermore, experiential training aimed at enhancing awareness of dangerous situations, and competitions to encourage workers to hone crane and forklift skills, are held regularly.
For managers, safety and health education and training sessions are held to promote acquisition of the position, knowledge, and attitudes necessary for implementing safety management. In addition, to elevate safety and health management standards at individual Group companies, safety and health education, safety inspections, and other support initiatives are actively undertaken to foster a safety-first corporate culture and advance personnel development along the same lines throughout the Group.
Principal Safety and Health Awards
|Japan aluminum Association
Excellent Labor Safety Work Place
Special Award for Superior Performance (Fiscal 2016)
|UACJ Extrusion Gunma Corporation
UACJ Extrusion Shiga Corporation*
UACJ Foil Corporation, Isezaki Works
UACJ Foundry & Forging Corporation
|No workplace accidents for three years (four years at Shiga)|
|Japan aluminum Association
Excellent Labor Safety Work Place
Prize for Excellence (Fiscal 2016)
|Fukaya Works||No workplace accidents for two years|
|Anjo City Disaster Prevention and Dangerous Substance Safety Association
In-House Fire Brigade Excellence Awards
|UACJ Extrusion Nagoya Corporation, Anjo Works|
|Commendation from the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry for High-Pressure Gas Safety
|Fukaya Works||Award recognizing the Fukaya Works for its many years of involvement in operations related to high-pressure gas|
|Japan Crane Association
Awards recognizing outstanding crane maintenance by maintenance workers and sling work by a crane operator
|Nagoya Works||For outstanding sling work by crane operator|
|Nara Prefecture Labor Standards Association
Gold Award for participation in the three-month zero-accident campaign
|ACE21 Corp., Nishi Nihon Sales Department, Nara Center||For 10 continuous years of participation in the annual three-month (June, July, and August) zero-accident campaign|
Mental Health Care Initiatives
The UACJ Group strives to maintain and improve the mental and physical health of employees, whom it sees as important business assets. We do this based on employee mental health maintenance and improvement guidelines prepared by Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare.
Understanding that early detection of symptoms is critical for treating mental health issues, we devote significant energy and attention to education and “line care” by managers and supervisors. More specifically, in job-level and other types of training, we conduct systematic, ongoing training and education to provide managers with tools for counseling subordinates experiencing mental health issues. For employees still in their 20s and 30s and not yet in management positions, we conduct self-care and other types of training to help employees maintain remain physically and mentally healthy.
Early detection of employees experiencing mental health issues is accomplished by having managers routinely talk to individuals to provide guidance and advice. If a manager comes to believe that an individual requires mental health care assistance, the manager will contact the department in charge of mental health care, which will immediately take appropriate action. In addition, as part of the stress-check system we have implemented, we have employees engage in stress checks to raise their stress self-awareness. Our efforts to thoroughly look after workers’ mental health also include consultations and health advice from industrial physicians and cooperation with outside institutions specializing in mental health care.
Workplace Environment Improvement Activities
To make better workplace environments, we are systematically taking steps to improve conditions with regard to summer heat, winter cold, dust, and noise; eliminate work that requires excessive physical exertion or taxing body positions; and add break areas and other features (e.g. adding or renovating break areas and on-site restrooms) that make environments more liveable. Concerning summer heat in particular, we are moving forward with installation of air conditioning and ventilation equipment in places where it is needed.
Relations with labor unions are harmonious and information on the condition of the Company is regularly shared in central and business-site labor-management conferences. In April 2016, labor-management committees were formed at UACJ and at individual business sites to discuss possible measures for improving work-life balance by shortening working hours.